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Oxygen Therapy Modes and Safety Tips

WHAT ARE TYPES OF O2 THERAPY?


Oxygen comes in gas or liquid form. Oxygen systems may be large and stationary for home use, or small and portable.

Types of oxygen therapy delivery systems include:

  • Compressed gas: A large, metal cylinder stores 100% oxygen as a gas under pressure. The cylinder has a regulator to control the flow of oxygen. A gauge shows the tank’s oxygen levels. When the tank is empty, an oxygen supplier replaces it. You should always have extra oxygen tanks on hand.

  • Liquid oxygen: A thermos-like container stores pure oxygen as a very cold liquid. When you release the oxygen, the liquid converts to a gas that you breathe in. The smaller container makes it portable for use outside the home.

  • Oxygen concentrators: This electric or battery-powered device pulls air from the room.


HOW TO SAFELY USE OXYGEN AT HOME?


Step 1: Check Your Supply

  • Check the oxygen gauge on the tank to be sure you have enough

  • Check the water level if you have a humidifier bottle. When the level is at or below half full, refill it with sterile or distilled water


Step 2: Attach the Tubing

  • Attach the cannula tubing to your oxygen unit, be sure the tubing is not bent or blocked


Step 3: Set Your Flow Rate

  • Set the oxygen to flow at the rate your healthcare provider gave you. Never change this rate unless your provider tells you to


Step 4: Put the Cannula in Your Nose

  • Wash your hands, put the cannula in your nose and breathe through your nose normally


Step 5: Keep Your Equipment Clean

  • Every week, wash you nasal cannula, clean your air filter and your concentrator cover with soap and warm water

  • Every time you refill your humidifier bottle, wash it with soap and warm water and refill with distilled water

  • Every 2-4 weeks, replace your cannula or mask. Change every time you get sick

  • Every month, replace your air filter, Every 2 months, replace your tubing

  • Avoid kinks and cracks in the tubing


SUMMARY


  • Oxygen Therapy is a treatment method to help reduce the symptoms caused due to lung conditions.

  • The administration of oxygen is decided by your health care provider

  • There are various methods of oxygen therapy

  • Follow safety tips while using oxygen at home

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